A is for Antagonist

The antagonist in the story doesn’t have to be the “bad guy”.  It doesn’t even have to be a person.  It can be anything that opposes the hero (aka. protagonist).  For example, if a virus is running rampant through a town and the doctor (our hero) is fighting it, then the antagonist is the virus.  Another example, the heroine might think she’s unattractive and therefore, not deserving of the hero’s love.  In this case, her own belief in how unattractive she is the antagonist.


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But for the sake of this post, I’m going to focus on a character who is an antagonist.  I want to point out that the antagonist doesn’t necessarily have to be “bad”.  How is this possible?  It all boils down to point of view.  When we’re looking at the emotionally engaging character, we are most interested in complex characters.

An emotionally engaging could appear to be bad when we’re in the hero’s point of view.  But, when you take a deeper look, the antagonist might actually come off as a highly sympathetic character.  This is why I love point of view so much.  It’s taken me about 5 1/2 years to finally grasp what point of view is all about.  It’s perception.  It has no basis in actual facts.  The person who tells the story determines the truth, but it’s only their version of the truth.

So when you’re in the hero’s point of view, take a look at how the hero views the antagonist.  What does he believe the antagonist’s motivations are?  Why is the antagonist someone he opposes?  What things does the antagonist do or say to make the hero perceive things the way he does?

Likewise, consider things from the antagonist’s point of view.  If you are going to truly understand the antagonist, it can help to imagine a scene or write one out where he confronts the hero.  How does he see the hero?  What things does the hero say or do that bothers (or amuses) him and why?  What is the antagonist’s version of the truth?

Most of all, are there any likable traits the antagonist possesses that the hero misses (at least for most of the story)?  It’s possible the two work out their differences.  In romance, the conflict between the hero and heroine who hate each other but later fall in love is a popular storyline.  So the antagonist might also be the hero.

Of course, there are some antagonists that don’t have any redeeming qualities.  There’s no way they can ever find a common ground with the hero.  But it’d still be intriguing if there was some sympathetic trait that the reader can relate to because the truth is, no one is 100% good or 100% bad.  We all fall somewhere in the middle.  And the same can be true for the antagonist.

This post is part of the Blogging from A – Z Challenge.

About Ruth Ann Nordin

Ruth Ann Nordin mainly writes historical western romances and Regencies. From time to time, she branches out to other genres, but her first love is historical romance. She lives in Omaha, Nebraska with her husband and a couple of children. To find out more about her books, go to https://ruthannnordinsbooks.wordpress.com/.
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8 Responses to A is for Antagonist

  1. This is very true. One of the stories I’m working on now, both antagonists are close family members. It’s interesting to try and figure out how to use them so readers don’t hate them. 🙂

    • That’s the trick. Making it so the characters aren’t so unlikable no one wants to read their story. 🙂 I’m struggling with that in a couple books I’m currently working on.

      By the way, I owe you an email. 🙂

      • That is the problem. Right now, I’m not fond of either one of the two – and one is an MC, so I’m probably going to have to interview her. 🙂

        I’ll look forward to hearing from you. 🙂

        • I am really behind in checking your emails and your blog posts. I see them sitting in my inbox and am going to check them out.

          I hope the interview helps. It can be a real challenge to find the sympathetic angle in a character who isn’t likable from the get-go. Another idea is to write the scene where they’re in the story in their point of view to see if something gets going. I had to do that a couple of times and was surprised by what I learned about them.

  2. Susan Watson says:

    I’m thinking of Kent Ashton and Neil Craftsman.

    • I honestly thought there was no redeeming Kent until I wrote his backstory. I saw potential in Neil, but I hadn’t once seen it in Kent. It’s interesting how a character can surprise you once you look beneath the surface. 🙂

  3. Great start to the A-Z challenge!

    I still have an antagonist I know I can never redeem, but I really wish I could. 😦

    • Some can’t be, no matter how hard we want to. I’ve had requests for a couple of books based on antagonists I could never write because the antagonist doesn’t have the redemption in them.

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